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Bug 79126 - Mounting an ISO9660 CD image - second or later session
Summary: Mounting an ISO9660 CD image - second or later session
Alias: None
Product: Red Hat Linux
Classification: Retired
Component: kernel
Version: 8.0
Hardware: All
OS: Linux
Target Milestone: ---
Assignee: Arjan van de Ven
QA Contact: Brian Brock
Depends On:
TreeView+ depends on / blocked
Reported: 2002-12-06 00:53 UTC by Richard Stonehouse
Modified: 2008-08-01 16:22 UTC (History)
0 users

Fixed In Version:
Doc Type: Bug Fix
Doc Text:
Clone Of:
Last Closed: 2004-09-30 15:40:16 UTC

Attachments (Terms of Use)

Description Richard Stonehouse 2002-12-06 00:53:49 UTC
From Bugzilla Helper:
User-Agent: Opera/6.1 (Linux 2.4.18-29Oct2002 i686; U)  [en]

Description of problem:
Attempting to mount the CD image of the second or later session of a CD fails with an error message that cannot possibly be right.

Version-Release number of selected component (if applicable):

How reproducible:

Steps to Reproduce:
1.mkisofs -r -gui -J -o cdimage.raw -C xxxx,xxxx -M 0,0 ...
2.mkdir cdimage
3.mount -t iso9660 -o ro,loop=/dev/loop0 cdimage.raw cdimage

Actual Results:  Failed with error message:

  mount: Not a directory

Also, trying to mount the image to a file succeeded! (but was not usable).

Expected Results:  Not sure whether it should have been possible to mount the image - but, if not, a meaningful error message should have been produced.

Mounting to a file should definitely not have been possible.

Additional info:

Tried with '--session=' and '--sbsector=' parameters but got the dame failure.

Concatenated the new session with a copy of the first session on the CD, and mounted the merged image, but 'ls' then just showed the files for the first session. Same with '--session=' and '--sbsector=' parameters.

Comment 1 Elliot Lee 2002-12-10 16:08:38 UTC
I can't even get the mkisofs command line given to work. Could you provide the exact 
commands needed to build a multi-session CD image from scratch with no CD in any 

Comment 2 Richard Stonehouse 2002-12-10 18:05:05 UTC
You will need to burn a CD to do this, if you haven't already got one in a 'partly burnt' state that you can use. Full details, for starting from scratch, as follows:

1. Create the image for the first session:

   # mkisofs -r -gui -J -o cdimage.raw <file_list>
   where <file_list> is a space-separated list of files 
   (omit the angle brackets!) - use any files you happen 
   to have lying around - to put in the first session.
2. It will be possible to mount this image and see the
   files on it:
   # mkdir cdimage
   # mount -t iso9660 -o ro,loop=/dev/loop0 cdimage.raw cdimage
   # ls -l cdimage
   # umount cdimage
3. Place a blank CD in the drive (assumed to be SCSI 
   device 0,0 for this example) and burn the image
   onto it. First:
   # cdrecord -scanbus
   and see the output to check whether your CD is 0,0
   or some other device - if some other, adjust the
   following instructions to suit - also change the
   'speed' option to suit your CD writer if need be;
   # cdrecord -multi -v speed=16 dev=0,0 cdimage.raw
4. If desired, check the contents of the CD (you may
   need to eject and reload the CD for this to work):

   # mount /dev/scd0 /mnt/cdrom
   (adjust the above as necessary for your configuration)
   # ls -l /mnt/cdrom
5. Read the 'multi-session' info for the first session
   off the CD (again, you may need to eject and reload 
   the CD to make this command work):
   # cdrecord -msinfo dev=0,0
   (change the device number in the above if need be).
   The multi-session info should be two numbers separated
   by a comma, e.g. '1234,5678'.
6. With the CD still loaded in the drive, create the 
   image for the second session:
   # mkisofs -r -gui -J -o cdimage.raw -C 1234,5678 -M 0,0 <file_list_2>
   (substitute your own multi-session info, obtained
    at step 5, for '1234,5678' and also change '-M 0,0',
    if need be, to use the correct SCSI device number.
    <file_list_2> is a space-separated list of files,
    which should *not* be the same files that you used
    in the first session).
7. Now try mounting the image of the second session:

   # mkdir cdimage
   # mount -t iso9660 -o ro,loop=/dev/loop0 cdimage.raw cdimage

   This is the point at which I get the 'not a directory' 
8. Create a dummy file and try mounting the second
   session to it, e.g.:
   # cat > temp
   # mount -t iso9660 -o ro,loop=/dev/loop0 cdimage.raw temp
   This will appear to have succeeded! However, any attempt
   to access 'temp' - either as a file or as a directory -
   will fail. I found I was unable even to dismount it and
   got various error messages at system close-down.

Comment 3 Elliot Lee 2002-12-10 18:27:36 UTC
I don't have a CD burner I can use for testing.

From your description, it seems likely there is a bug, but without an easy way to reproduce 
it, I can't get to fixing it. Also based on your description, it sounds like it might actually be a 
kernel problem rather than util-linux - might want to move the bug there if that is correct.

Comment 4 Richard Stonehouse 2002-12-11 23:57:47 UTC
My apologies, I hadn't appreciated that you might have no access to a CD writer.
Do you have access to the web? If so you could try the following:
Download <URL:>
Then follow the previous instructions, starting at step 7.

This is a specially constructed image and rather small (I have hardware limitations too - like a slow dial-up connection!) but it does illustrate the problem.

Regarding your second point, that it might be a kernel bug - by all means feel free to reclassify it, if you think fit.

Comment 5 Elliot Lee 2003-01-14 17:16:33 UTC
I noticed that the iso9660 fstype takes a 'session=N' mount option (according to mount.8). 
Does specifying this do the trick?

Comment 6 Richard Stonehouse 2003-01-15 02:05:22 UTC
No, already tried '--session=N' and various other things - see 'Additional info' section of original report.

Comment 8 Bugzilla owner 2004-09-30 15:40:16 UTC
Thanks for the bug report. However, Red Hat no longer maintains this version of
the product. Please upgrade to the latest version and open a new bug if the problem

The Fedora Legacy project ( maintains some older releases, 
and if you believe this bug is interesting to them, please report the problem in
the bug tracker at:

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